The effect of seasonal variations on floc morphology in the activated sludge process
Koivuranta, Elisa; Suopajärvi, Terhi; Hattuniemi, Joni; Stoor, Tuomas; Illikainen, Mirja (2017-02-22)
Koivuranta, E., Suopajärvi, T., Hattuniemi, J., Stoor, T., Illikainen, M. (2017) The effect of seasonal variations on floc morphology in the activated sludge process. Environmental Technology, 38 (24), 3209-3215. doi:10.1080/09593330.2017.1291760
© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Environmental technology on 22 Feb 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09593330.2017.1291760.
The effect of seasonal variations on floc formation in the activated sludge process (ASP) was studied in a municipal wastewater treatment plant in Finland nearly 16 months. Floc formation was measured with an online optical monitoring device, and results were correlated with the temperature of the upcoming wastewater and the treatment efficiency of the ASP. Results showed that floc formation has a clear, seasonal pattern, with flocs in summer being larger and rounder and having fewer filaments and small particles. In addition, treatment efficiency increased in summer. The study correlated the results of image analysis with the composition (chemical oxygen demand and suspended solids content) and temperature of the wastewater before and after the ASP. Results showed that the composition of upcoming wastewater has no clear correlation with floc morphological parameters. However, the wastewater temperature clearly correlated with floc formation. Results indicated that cold winter conditions enhanced the growth of filamentous bacteria in wastewater, decreasing treatment efficiency. Furthermore, these results confirmed that floc formation has seasonal variations.
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