Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communications: Foundations, Enablers, System Design, and Evolution Towards 6G
Mahmood, Nurul Huda; Atzeni, Italo; Jorswieck, Eduard Axel; Alcaraz López, Onel Luis (2023-10-30)
Sisältö avataan julkiseksi: 30.04.2024
Nurul Huda Mahmood, Italo Atzeni, Eduard Axel Jorswieck and Onel Luis Alcaraz López (2023), "Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communications: Foundations, Enablers, System Design, and Evolution Towards 6G", Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory: Vol. 20: No. 5-6, pp 512-747. http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/0100000129
© 2023 N. H. Mahmood et al. The final publication is available from now publishers via http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/0100000129.
Wireless communication has traditionally been designed to connect human users. The main design goal was to maximize the data rate while guaranteeing moderate reliability and latency targets dictated by the limitations of human senses. The application of wireless connectivity for machine to machine communications, typically known as machinetype communications (MTC), has been growing in the past decade due to its flexibility, scalability and ease of use. It is also driven by the proliferation of Internet of Things (IoT) nodes and applications, with several billions of connected devices expected by the next decade.
The fifth-generation (5G) New Radio (NR) wireless system has introduced two distinct services classes to support MTC, namely massive machine-type communications (mMTC) and the ultra-reliable low-latency communications (URLLC). Out of these, designing URLLC solutions is the most challenging given that it aims to provide dependable connectivity for mission-critical applications in industrial scenarios, process engineering and other similar verticals.
URLLC aims to guarantee very high reliability and very low latency, and therefore the outage performance replaces the average performance as the main design criterion. This calls for a new approach to the communication- and information-theoretic fundamentals of wireless system design. Different theoretic foundations of URLLC have so far been treated in individual and disconnected works that fail to provide a meta-level understanding of this topic. This monograph aims at filling this gap by presenting a comprehensive coverage of the topic including the motivation, theory, practical enablers and future evolution. The unified level of details in this monograph is aimed at providing a balanced coverage between its fundamental communication- and information-theoretic background and its practical enablers, including 5G NR system design aspects. Finally, this monograph offers an outlook on URLLC evolution in the sixth-generation (6G) era towards dependable and resilient wireless communications.
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