Latency-aware highly-reliable mmWave systems via multi-point connectivity
Kumar, Dileep; Joshi, Satya Krishna; Tölli, Antti (2022-03-02)
D. Kumar, S. K. Joshi and A. Tölli, "Latency-Aware Highly-Reliable mmWave Systems via Multi-Point Connectivity," in IEEE Access, vol. 10, pp. 32822-32835, 2022, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3156111
© The Author(s) 2022. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
The sensitivity of the millimeter-wave (mmWave) radio channel to blockages is a fundamental challenge in achieving low-latency and highly-reliable connectivity. In this paper, we explore the viability of using Coordinated Multi-Point (CoMP) transmission for delay bounded and reliable mmWave systems. We propose a blockage-aware framework for the sum-power minimization problem under the user-specific latency requirements in time dynamic mobile access networks. We use the Lyapunov optimization approach and provide a dynamic control algorithm, which transforms a time-average stochastic problem into a sequence of deterministic subproblems. A robust beamformer design is then proposed by exploiting the queue backlogs and channel information, that efficiently allocates the required resources, by proactively tuning the CoMP subsets from the available remote radio units (RRUs), according to the instantaneous needs of the users. Further, to adapt to the uncertainties of the mmWave channel, we consider a pessimistic estimate of the rates over link blockage combinations across the CoMP serving set. Moreover, after the relaxation of coupled and non-convex constraints via the Fractional Program (FP) techniques, a low-complexity closed-form iterative algorithm is provided by solving a system of Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) optimality conditions. The simulation results manifest that, in the presence of random link blockages, the proposed methods outperform the baseline scenarios and provide power-efficient, highly-reliable, and low-latency mmWave communication.
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