Partially connected hybrid beamforming for large antenna arrays in multi-user MISO systems
Majidzadeh, Mohammad; Moilanen, Aleksi; Tervo, Nuutti; Pennanen, Harri; Tölli, Antti; Latva-aho, Matti (2018-02-15)
M. Majidzadeh, A. Moilanen, N. Tervo, H. Pennanen, A. Tolli and M. Latva-aho, "Partially connected hybrid beamforming for large antenna arrays in multi-user MISO systems," 2017 IEEE 28th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), Montreal, QC, 2017, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.1109/PIMRC.2017.8292390
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Hybrid beamforming (HBF) is a promising approach to be employed in millimeter-wave massive MIMO systems. In this paper, four HBF algorithms with partially connected radio frequency architecture are proposed for large antenna arrays in multi-user MISO systems. The first two algorithms aim at minimizing the difference between either the fully digital zero forcing (ZF) or maximum ratio transmission (MRT) beamformer, and the hybrid beamformer of each user. The other two algorithms apply either ZF or MRT HBF solution to each subarray. The average sum rate performance of the proposed algorithms are evaluated using a realistic geometry-based stochastic channel model, and compared with digital ZF and MRT approaches. Numerical results demonstrate that the subarray-based ZF algorithm is superior to other proposed hybrid methods in all simulation cases.
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