Long term ionization effect during several GLE events of solar cycle 23 : comparative analysis
Mishev, Alexander; Velinov, Peter I.Y. (2017-07-17)
Mishev, Alexander & Velinov, Peter I.Y. 2017 Long term ionization effect during several GLE events of solar cycle 23 : comparative analysis. 35th international cosmic ray conference, ICRC2017, The astroparticle physics conference. 12-20 July 2017, Bexco, Busan, Korea, PoS(ICRC2017)074, https://pos.sissa.it/301/074/pdf
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It is known that the galactic cosmic rays are the main source of ionization in the Earth’s stratosphere and troposphere. Occasionally, with greater probability during solar maximum periods eruptive solar processes, namely solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) lead to a production of high energy solar energetic particles (SEPs). Special class of events, called ground level enhancements (GLEs) can drastically enhance the atmospheric ionization. The induced by primary cosmic ray particles ionization is important in various processes related to atmospheric physics and chemistry, specifically the minor constituents. During the Solar cycle 23 (1996 May– 2008 January) we observed several strong GLEs, namely the Bastille day event on 14 July 2000 (GLE 59), the Easter event on 15 April 2001 (GLE 60), October–November 2003 Halloween events (GLEs 65, 66 and 67), mid–January 2005 (GLE 68 and 69) and the last event from the cycle on 13 December 2006 (GLE 70) (gle.oulu.fi). Here we study the long term ionization effect of two of the mentioned events (specifically GLE 59 and GLE 70) and perform a comparative analysis, studying the ionization in the tropospheric region. We use a full Monte Carlo 3-D model and compute the cosmic ray induced ionization as a function of the altitude above the sea level. Ionization maps of several altitudes in the troposphere and stratosphere are presented. The investigated ionization effects are much more essential at the altitudes above 12 km a.s.l., and especially in the Regener-Pfotzer maximum (15–20 km) and marginal at altitudes below 8 km.
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