Performance evaluation of adaptive beamforming in 5G-V2X networks
Maskulainen, Ilmari; Luoto, Petri; Pirinen, Pekka; Bennis, Mehdi; Horneman, Kari; Latva-aho, Matti (2017-07-17)
I. Maskulainen, P. Luoto, P. Pirinen, M. Bennis, K. Horneman and M. Latva-aho, "Performance evaluation of adaptive beamforming in 5G-V2X networks," 2017 European Conference on Networks and Communications (EuCNC), Oulu, 2017, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.1109/EuCNC.2017.7980728
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Vehicles are the third fastest growing connected device type after smart phones and tablets. Also, automotive industry is interested to get more vehicles connected to the internet to improve traffic safety and efficiency. This creates a need for Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communications. In this work, the possibility of exploiting beamforming in LTE-V2X is considered. Singular value decomposition (SVD) receiver and precoder is implemented in an LTE-A system level simulator and the performance on multi-lane highway scenario is simulated and analyzed in downlink Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) scenario. The performance is compared to the conventional maximum-ratio combining (MRC) and LTE codebook precoded minimum mean square error (MMSE) receivers. In addition, the switched-beam beamforming is imitated by modified antenna patterns with 7 and 15 narrow beams. The results show that the SVD receiver provides gain compared to the conventional MRC and MMSE receivers in ideal scenario. Furthermore, with modified antenna patterns, the performance was enhanced when compared to the default antenna pattern.
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