Superior bendability of direct-quenched 960 MPa strip steels
Kaijalainen, Antti; Kesti, Vili; Troive, Lars; Arola, Anna-Maija; Liimatainen, Tommi; Hemmilä, Mikko; Kömi, Jukka; Porter, David (2018-08-11)
Antti Kaijalainen, Vili Kesti, Lars Troive, Anna-Maija Arola, Tommi Liimatainen, Mikko Hemmilä, Jukka Kömi, David Porter, Superior bendability of direct-quenched 960 MPa strip steels, Procedia Manufacturing, Volume 15, 2018, Pages 676-683, ISSN 2351-9789, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2018.07.300
© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. Creative Commons license BY-NC-ND.
The present paper shows the effect of microstructure on the press brake and frictionless 3-point bending of 6 mm thick ultrahigh-strength steel strips with a yield strength of 960 MPa. With a traditional press brake machine the minimum bending radii of the studied steels varied from 1.3 times the thickness to 3.0 times the thickness for the bend axis perpendicular to the rolling direction and in the range 2.0–3.5 times the thickness for the bend axis parallel to the rolling direction. The frictionless 3-point bending-equipment incorporating rotatable die-rollers has been applied to characterize the material work hardening behavior in a way relevant to the bending process, i.e. by using measured punch force vs. position data to derive the bending moment and the evolution of the flow stress and the strip curvature during the bending process. The main aim of the present paper is to establish an understanding of how bendability can be significantly improved and made more isotropic by modifying the subsurface microstructure to include a relatively soft polygonal ferrite and granular bainite layer and why the subsurface microstructure plays such a dominant role.
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