Oral health and oral health-related habits of Finnish prisoners
Vainionpää, Raija; Peltokangas, Arto; Leinonen, Jukka; Pesonen, Paula; Laitala, Marja-Liisa; Anttonen, Vuokko (2017-03-03)
Vainionpää, Raija; Peltokangas, Arto; Leinonen, Jukka; Pesonen, Paula; Laitala, Marja-Liisa; Anttonen, Vuokko (2017) Oral health and oral health-related habits of Finnish prisoners. BDJ Open volume 3, Article number: 17006, doi: 10.1038/bdjopen.2017.6.
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Objectives/Aims: This cross-sectional study aimed to examine oral health and oral health-related habits among prisoners at the Pelso Prison in Finland.
Materials and Methods: Participants in this cross-sectional study comprises 100 inmates. A calibrated dentist recorded the decayed, filled and missed teeth as well as periodontal status (bleeding-on-probing, pocket probing and Community Periodontal Index) among the participants (n=100). Fifty inmates were also interviewed for marital status, education and oral health-related habits. The Ethical Committee of the Northern Ostrobothnia Hospital District and the Criminal Sanctions Agency approved the study protocol.
Results: The participants were on average 35 years old and had 5 (s.d. 5.1) decayed teeth in need of restorative treatment, whereas DMFT was 17 (s.d. 8.9). Half of the study population had periodontal disease in need of professional treatment. Almost all reported brushing their teeth daily. Two-third ate sweets, one-third drank fizzy drinks and majority smoked every day. Almost two-third had used illicit drugs at some point of their lives. Almost all drunk alcohol once a week or more often. No statistically significant associations were discovered between dental treatment need and explanatory factors.
Discussion: Prisoners appear to be a homogenous group with poor oral health and harmful health behaviours.
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