Relationship between BMI and emotion-handling capacity in an adult Finnish population : the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966
Ramzi, Nurul Hanis; Yiorkas, Andrianos M.; Sebert, Sylvain; Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka; Ala-Mursula, Leena; Svento, Rauli; Jokelainen, Jari; Veijola, Juha; Auvinen, Juha; Miettunen, Jouko; Dovey, Terence M.; Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Blakemore, Alexandra I. F. (2018-09-26)
Ramzi NH, Yiorkas AM, Sebert S, Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi S, Ala-Mursula L, Svento R, et al. (2018) Relationship between BMI and emotion-handling capacity in an adult Finnish population: The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966. PLoS ONE 13(9): e0203660. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203660
© 2018 Ramzi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Alexithymia, a difficulty in identifying and expressing emotions, has been associated with obesity and eating disorders in small-scale cross-sectional studies. Here, we assess the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and alexithymia in a large cohort of free-living Finnish adults over a 15-year period.
Methods: Participants were drawn from the Northern Finnish Birth Cohort 1966 (NFBC1966). The 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was used as a measure of alexithymia and was completed at the age of 31 years (31y: n = 4841), and 46 years (46y: n = 5404). BMI was recorded at both time points. Where data at both time points were available (n = 3274), the relationship between changes in BMI and TAS-20 over this time period was also investigated.
Results: BMI was significantly and positively associated with TAS-20 score (p<0.0001, both at 31 years and at 46 years of ages). The association remained statistically significant after adjustment for potential confounders (sex, marital status and several socio-economic indicators). In individuals who experienced the greatest change in BMI (in either direction) over the 15-year period, there was a modest mean increase in TAS-20 score.
Conclusions: Our data revealed that TAS-20 score was correlated with and co-varied with body mass status. We suggest that future clinical research should consider the role of alexithymia in obesity. Further investigation of this relationship is warranted to ensure that the needs of obese subjects with undiagnosed alexithymia are considered in the design of weight management programmes.
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