A novel processing-based classification and conventional food grouping to estimate milk product consumption in Finnish children
Koivusaari, Katariina; Niinistö, Sari; Takkinen, Hanna-Mari; Åkerlund, Mari; Korhonen, Tuuli; Ahonen, Suvi; Toppari, Jorma; Ilonen, Jorma; Veijola, Riitta; Knip, Mikael; Alatossava, Tapani; Virtanen, Suvi M. (2018-07-21)
Koivusaari, K., Niinistö, S., Takkinen, H., Åkerlund, M., Korhonen, T., Ahonen, S., Toppari, J., Ilonen, J., Veijola, R., Knip, M., Alatossava, T., Virtanen, S. (2018) A novel processing-based classification and conventional food grouping to estimate milk product consumption in Finnish children. International Dairy Journal, 86, 96-102. doi:10.1016/j.idairyj.2018.07.007
© 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
As more information is needed about the health aspects of milk processing; we classified milk products based on their homogenisation and heat-treatment history in the following inclusive classes: (i) homogenised, (ii) non-homogenised, (iii) fat-free; and (i) low-pasteurised or less heat-treated, (ii) high-pasteurised at <100 °C, (iii) high-pasteurised at ≥100 °C or sterilised. Milk product consumption of Finnish children was studied at the age of 6 months (n = 1305), 1 y (n = 1513), and 3 y (n = 1328) both using conventional food grouping and the novel processing-based grouping. At 6 months, more than three quarters of the children consumed cows’ milk products (median consumption 511 g d−1); at 3 y most of the consumed milk products were low-pasteurised or less heat-treated and homogenised. In contrast to children aged 3 y, almost all milk products consumed by infants aged 6 months were pasteurised at high temperature or sterilised.
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