Fibroblasts from bank voles inhabiting Chernobyl have increased resistance against oxidative and DNA stresses
Mustonen, Venla; Kesäniemi, Jenni; Lavrinienko, Anton; Tukalenko, Eugene; Mappes, Tapio; Watts, Phillip C.; Jurvansuu, Jaana (2018-08-29)
Mustonen, V., Kesäniemi, J., Lavrinienko, A., Tukalenko, E., Mappes, T., Watts, P., Jurvansuu, J. (2018) Fibroblasts from bank voles inhabiting Chernobyl have increased resistance against oxidative and DNA stresses. BMC Cell Biology, 19 (1), 17. doi:10.1186/s12860-018-0169-9
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Background: Elevated levels of environmental ionizing radiation can be a selective pressure for wildlife by producing reactive oxygen species and DNA damage. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms that are affected are not known.
Results: We isolated skin fibroblasts from bank voles (Myodes glareolus) inhabiting the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident site where background radiation levels are about 100 times greater than in uncontaminated areas. After a 10 Gy dose of gamma radiation fibroblasts from Chernobyl animals recovered faster than fibroblasts isolated from bank voles living in uncontaminated control area. The Chernobyl fibroblasts were able to sustain significantly higher doses of an oxidant and they had, on average, a higher total antioxidant capacity than the control fibroblasts. Furthermore, the Chernobyl fibroblasts were also significantly more resistant than the control fibroblasts to continuous exposure to three DNA damaging drugs. After drug treatment transcription of p53-target gene pro-apoptotic Bax was higher in the control than in the Chernobyl fibroblasts.
Conclusion: Fibroblasts isolated from bank voles inhabiting Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident site show elevated antioxidant levels, lower sensitivity to apoptosis, and increased resistance against oxidative and DNA stresses. These cellular qualities may help bank voles inhabiting Chernobyl to cope with environmental radioactivity.
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