Distributed solutions for energy efficiency fairness in multicell MISO downlink
Nguyen, Kien-Giang; Vu, Quang-Doanh; Juntti, Markku; Tran, Le-Nam (2017-07-04)
K. G. Nguyen, Q. D. Vu, M. Juntti and L. N. Tran, "Distributed Solutions for Energy Efficiency Fairness in Multicell MISO Downlink," in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 6232-6247, Sept. 2017. doi: 10.1109/TWC.2017.2721369
© 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
This paper aims at guaranteeing the achievable energy efficiency (EE) fairness in a multicell multiuser multiple-input single-output downlink system. The design objective is to maximize the minimum EE among all base stations (BSs) subject to per-BS power constraints. This results in a max-min fractional program and as such is difficult to solve in general. Our goal is to develop decentralized algorithms for the max-min EE problem based on combining the successive convex approximation (SCA) framework and the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMMs). Specifically, leveraging the SCA principle, we iteratively approximate the nonconvex design problem by a sequence of convex programs for which two decentralized algorithms are then proposed. In the first approach, the convex program obtained at each step of the SCA procedure is solved optimally by allowing the BSs to exchange the required information until the ADMM converges. The convergence of the first method is analytically guaranteed but the amount of backhaul signaling can be noticeable in some realistic settings. To reduce the backhaul overhead, the second method performs an abstract version of the ADMM where only one variables update is carried out. Numerical results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the two proposed decentralized algorithms.
- Avoin saatavuus