Cognitive capacity harvesting networks : architectural evolution toward future cognitive radio networks
Ding, Haichuan; Fang, Yuguang; Huang, Xiaoxia; Pan, Miao; Li, Pan; Glisic, Savo (2017-03-02)
H. Ding, Y. Fang, X. Huang, M. Pan, P. Li and S. Glisic, "Cognitive Capacity Harvesting Networks: Architectural Evolution Toward Future Cognitive Radio Networks," in IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1902-1923, thirdquarter 2017. doi: 10.1109/COMST.2017.2677082
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Cognitive radio technologies enable users to opportunistically access unused licensed spectrum and are viewed as a promising way to deal with the current spectrum crisis. Over the last 15 years, cognitive radio technologies have been extensively studied from algorithmic design to practical implementation. One pressing and fundamental problem is how to integrate cognitive radios into current wireless networks to enhance network capacity and improve users’ experience. Unfortunately, existing solutions to cognitive radio networks (CRNs) suffer from many practical design issues. To foster further research activities in this direction, we attempt to provide a tutorial for CRN architecture design. Noticing that an effective architecture for CRNs is still lacking, in this tutorial, we systematically summarize the principles for CRN architecture design and present a novel flexible network architecture, termed cognitive capacity harvesting network (CCHN), to elaborate on how a CRN architecture can be designed. Unlike existing architectures, we introduce a new network entity, called secondary service provider, and deploy cognitive radio capability enabled routers, called cognitive radio routers, in order to effectively and efficiently manage resource harvesting and mobile traffic while enabling users without cognitive radios to access and enjoy CCHN services. Our analysis shows that our CCHN aligns well to industrial standardization activities and hence provides a viable approach to implementing future CRNs. We hope that our proposed design approach opens a new venue to future CRN research.
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