Effects of ionizing radiation and HPSE1 inhibition on the invasion of oral tongue carcinoma cells on human extracellular matrices <em>in vitro</em>
Väyrynen, Otto; Piippo, Markku; Jämsä, Hannaleena; Väisänen, Tuomas; de Almeida, Carlos E.B.; Salo, Tuula; Missailidis, Sotiris; Risteli, Maija (2018-08-05)
Otto Väyrynen, Markku Piippo, Hannaleena Jämsä, Tuomas Väisänen, Carlos E.B. de Almeida, Tuula Salo, Sotiris Missailidis, Maija Risteli, Effects of ionizing radiation and HPSE1 inhibition on the invasion of oral tongue carcinoma cells on human extracellular matrices in vitro, Experimental Cell Research, Volume 371, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 151-161, ISSN 0014-4827, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2018.08.005
© 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Chemoradiation is an established approach in the treatment of advanced oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC), but therapy may cause severe side-effects due to signal interchanges between carcinoma and the tumour microenvironment (TME). In this study, we examined the potential use of our human 3D myoma disc and Myogel models in in vitro chemoradiation studies by analysing the effects of ionizing radiation (IR) and the combined effect of heparanase I (HPSE1) inhibitors and IR on OTSCC cell proliferation, invasion and MMP-2 and − 9 production. Finally, we analysed the long-term effects of IR by studying clones of previously irradiated and invaded HSC-3 cells. We found that in both human uterine leiomyoma-based extracellular matrix models IR inhibited the invasion of HSC-3 cells, but blocking HPSE1 activity combined with IR induced their invasion. Low doses of IR increased MMP expression and initiated epithelial-mesenchymal transition in cells cultured on myoma discs. We conclude that myoma models offer consistent methods for testing human carcinoma cell invasion and phenotypic changes during chemoradiation treatment. In addition, we showed that IR had long-term effects on MMP-2 and − 9, which might elicit different HSC-3 invasion responses when cells were under the challenge of HPSE1 inhibitors and IR.
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