Unhierarchical and hierarchical core‐periphery relations : north Fennoscandian trade network from the Middle Ages to the post‐sixteenth century
Kuusela, Jari-Matti; Nurmi, Risto; Hakamäki, Ville (2018-11-15)
Kuusela, J., Nurmi, R., Hakamäki, V. (2018) Unhierarchical and Hierarchical Core-Periphery Relations: North Fennoscandian Trade Network from the Middle Ages to the Post-Sixteenth Century. American Anthropologist, 120 (4), 765-780. doi:10.1111/aman.13104
© 2018 by the American Anthropological Association. All rights reserved. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
This article studies the medieval northern Fennoscandian trade network utilizing a macro‐scale perspective—namely, the world‐systems analysis—while still maintaining a decidedly local approach to the analysis. It is argued that local factors, formed of a synergy between social and natural components, created a situation where the trade network of northern Fennoscandia remained an unhierarchical peer network despite a seeming power asymmetry between the participants. This study demonstrates how a local analysis is always important even—and especially—when utilizing a macro‐scale perspective, as assumptions (for example, pertaining to power asymmetries) may lead to misconceptions of the social forces in play within a social network.
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