Micro-enterprises as exporters in northern sparsely populated areas
Jokela, Harri; Niinikoski, Eija-Riitta; Muhos, Matti (2017-05-17)
Jokela, H.; Niinikoski, E.-R.; Muhos, M. Micro-enterprises as exporters in northern sparsely populated areas. In: MakeLearn 2017: Management Challenges in a Network Economy, Proceedings of the MakeLearn and TIIM International Conference17-19 May 2017, Lublin, Poland p. 151-158
© 2017 International School for Social and Business Studies. Published under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
The majority of the total value of exports comes from small, medium-sized, and large companies for the reason that they tend to be the principal target group in public-support actions related to exports. However, micro-sized enterprises are the numerically dominant group in every economy. During recent years, micro-enterprises’ barriers for exports have lowered due to global digitalization. As a result, micro-enterprises’ share of total exports has increased rapidly in many countries.
The aim of this explorative case study was to investigate micro-enterprises’ share of exporters in one northern sparsely populated area (NSPA). The micro-enterprises located in NSPAs tend to face context-specific challenges as they develop their business. This study seeks to provide context-specific knowledge needed to strengthen business ecosystems and develop business support services. The data in this study consists of publicly archived statistical data from 2015 of all active business identity codes registered in Northern Finland (49,411 pieces) were analysed.
Based on this study, in total, 585 exporting enterprises are located in Northern Finland, of which almost 52% are micro-enterprises (302 pcs). In addition, the variation of micro-enterprises’ share of exporting enterprises at provincial, subregional and municipal levels is clarified. It is necessary to have micro-enterprises as a target group of export support actions. This study is limited to official enterprise statistics from 2015. The results of this study can motivate policy makers and public business service providers to consider micro-enterprises to be an essential target group of export support actions.
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