Coaches’ health promotion activity and substance use in youth sports
Ng, Kwok; Mäkelä, Kasper; Parkkari, Jari; Kannas, Lasse; Vasankari, Tommi; Heinonen, Olli J.; Savonen, Kai; Alanko, Lauri; Korpelainen, Raija; Selänne, Harri; Villberg, Jari; Kokko, Sami (2017-04-07)
Ng, K.; Mäkelä, K.; Parkkari, J.; Kannas, L.; Vasankari, T.; Heinonen, O.J.; Savonen, K.; Alanko, L.; Korpelainen, R.; Selänne, H.; Villberg, J.; Kokko, S. Coaches’ Health Promotion Activity and Substance Use in Youth Sports. Societies 2017, 7, 4
© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
There is an increasing amount of evidence suggesting youth sports clubs are an important setting for health promotion. Adolescents in sport club settings can benefit from exposures of positive and negative consequences to health. To better understand the sport club context and coaches’ health promotion activity in substance use prevention, this study compares sport club members with non-members aged between 14–16 years old on their experience and use of alcohol, smoking and snuff and coaches’ health promotion activity on substances.
Methods: Adolescents (n = 671) from sports clubs and from matched schools (n = 1442) were recruited in this study. Multiple binary logistic regressions were performed on substance use.
Results: Higher prevalence of substance use was associated with discussions of substances, often held by coaches. Significantly fewer girls who are sport club members had experiences in alcohol, smoking or snuff than their non-member counter-parts, the differences among boys varied by substance. Fewer sport club members experienced smoking than non-members. More boys used snuff than girls.
Conclusions: The most salient points for health promotion were that girls who were sport club members used fewer substances and for boys the picture was more complicated. Coaches could be using reactive strategies through informal learning to address substance use in clubs, although more effective training on substance use for coaches is needed.
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