Novel genetically optimised high-displacement piezoelectric actuator with efficient use of active material
Poikselkä, Katja; Leinonen, Mikko; Palosaari, Jaakko; Vallivaara, Ilari; Röning, Juha; Juuti, Jari (2017-08-09)
Katja Poikselkä et al 2017 Smart Mater. Struct. 26 095022
© Copyright 2017 IOP Publishing. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
This paper introduces a new type of piezoelectric actuator, Mikbal. The Mikbal was developed from a Cymbal by adding steel structures around the steel cap to increase displacement and reduce the amount of piezoelectric material used. Here the parameters of the steel cap of Mikbal and Cymbal actuators were optimised by using genetic algorithms in combination with Comsol Multiphysics FEM modelling software. The blocking force of the actuator was maximised for different values of displacement by optimising the height and the top diameter of the end cap profile so that their effect on displacement, blocking force and stresses could be analysed. The optimisation process was done for five Mikbal- and two Cymbal-type actuators with different diameters varying between 15 and 40 mm. A Mikbal with a Ø 25 mm piezoceramic disc and a Ø 40 mm steel end cap was produced and the performances of unclamped measured and modelled cases were found to correspond within 2.8% accuracy. With a piezoelectric disc of Ø 25 mm, the Mikbal created 72% greater displacement while blocking force was decreased 57% compared with a Cymbal with the same size disc. Even with a Ø 20 mm piezoelectric disc, the Mikbal was able to generate ~10% higher displacement than a Ø 25 mm Cymbal. Thus, the introduced Mikbal structure presents a way to extend the displacement capabilities of a conventional Cymbal actuator for low-to-moderate force applications.
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