Neolithic land use in the northern Boreal zone : high-resolution multiproxy analyses from Lake Huhdasjärvi, south-eastern Finland
Alenius, Teija; Mökkönen, Teemu; Holmqvist, Elisabeth; Ojala, Antti (2017-03-14)
Alenius, T., Mökkönen, T., Holmqvist, E. et al. Veget Hist Archaeobot (2017) 26: 469. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-017-0606-2
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Two high-resolution pollen and charcoal analyses were constructed from sediments obtained from a small bay in eastern Finland in order to gain information on human activity during the Neolithic Stone Age, 5200–1800 BC. We used measurements of loss on ignition (LOI), magnetic susceptibility and geochemical analyses to describe the sedimentological characteristics. Palaeomagnetic dating and measurements of ¹³⁷Cs-activity were supported by ¹⁴C-datings. The analyses revealed human activity between 4400 and 3200 BC, which is synchronous with archaeological cultures defined through different stages of Comb Ware pottery types and Middle Neolithic pottery types with asbestos as a primary temper. Direct evidence of Hordeum cultivation was dated to 4040–3930 cal BC. According to the pollen data, more significant effort was put into the production of fibres from hemp and lime than the actual cultivation of food.
- Avoin saatavuus