Profiling of smokers and snuffers among young Finnish men : cross-sectional epidemiological study
Päkkilä, Jari; Anttonen, Vuokko; Patinen, Pertti; Nyman, Kai; Valkeapää, Kirsi; Birkhed, Dowen; Tjäderhane, Leo; Tanner, Tarja (2017-08-08)
Päkkilä, J., Anttonen, V., Patinen, P., Nyman, K., Valkeapää, K., Birkhed, D., Tjäderhane, L., Tanner, T. (2017) Profiling of smokers and snuffers among young Finnish men – cross-sectional epidemiological study. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 75 (8), 577-583. doi:10.1080/00016357.2017.1361548
© 2017 Acta Odontologica Scandinavica Society. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Acta odontologica Scandinavica on 08 Aug 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00016357.2017.1361548.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to get new information from several sources about the background factors of Finnish smokers, snuffers, and dual users. Profiles of young smokers and snuffers were investigated in association with restorative treatment need, oral hygiene, eating habits, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), psychological and socioeconomic factors.
Material and methods: The study group comprised 3420 conscripts. The data were collected from four different sources: a health examination including an oral health screening, a computer-based questionnaire for investigating individual background factors, a psychological test assessing cognitive skills, and the Cooper test. Statistical analyses comprised cross tabulation and binary logistic regression modelling.
Results: The odds for smoking were the greatest among those who had DT (Decayed teeth) > 0, used energy drinks or alcohol regularly, or whose parents were divorced. A score of ≥2900 m in the Cooper test, a higher physical exercise level, a higher own education level, and using sports drinks decreased the odds for smoking. The odds for snuffing were higher among those who ran >2500 m in the Cooper test, had a BMI of ≥25, used sports/energy drinks, or exercised regularly, and lower among those who achieved good results in the cognitive test. Using energy/sports drinks or alcohol was positively and a higher education level was negatively associated with dual use.
Conclusions: Along with increasing prevalence of snuffing, heterogeneity is likely among snuffers. Good cognitive skills may prevent from smoking and snuffing.
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